The Definition of Fitness and Why It Is Important
Fitness is a general term used to describe a condition of health and well being and, more importantly, the capacity to do various aspects of daily activities, jobs and sports. Physical fitness can be achieved through regular exercise, proper nutrition, and adequate rest. There are many components that combine to provide a healthy individual with a desirable level of fitness. These components include but are not limited to:
Physical fitness has several components. Proper nutrition is an important component to achieving or maintaining good health. Proper nutrition focuses on eating the right types of foods and getting the right amount of physical activity. A good example of a good food would be a balanced, high-nutrient diet rich in fruits and vegetables. Regular physical activity, in general, provides energy for doing physical activities such as exercising or working out.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has defined the definition of “mature” as being in good health, having the capacity to engage in regular and substantial physical activity for an extended period. Older adults may be experiencing some limitations in their mobility or may have conditions such as osteoarthritis. They may also be at higher risk for obesity and other associated health problems if they are sedentary or have poor nutritional habits.
It is important to take note that the definition of “mature” also covers younger people. In this instance, a person is considered to be physically fit if he or she is capable of engaging in vigorous physical activity for an extended period. The person is mentally healthy if he or she is capable of maintaining concentration, which is necessary for cognitive and memory function. He or she is morally healthy if he or she does not engage in vices or engage in activities that contribute to the creation of mental illness. For example, a physically fit individual who smokes or engages in risky behavior does not display signs of mental illness.
Fitness is influenced by genetic and ecological elements. In nature, fitness can be considered to be survival driven as it concerns the survival of an organism. Fitness can increase through the evolution of technology, but it can decrease through the evolution of greater complexity. Modern humans have become fitness less through natural means and more through technological means, such as sedentary lifestyle, technological advancements such as televisions and computers, and the like.
Fitness is a complex trait and thus an intricate one. It is influenced by genetic and environmental factors, among others. The definition of “fitness” has been used in many ways, but the concept of natural selection has remained consistent throughout. Natural selection is an integral part of fitness theory.